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Geography is concerned with the study of places, the human and physical processes which shape them and the people who live in them. In key stage 1 much of the geography curriculum is based on a study of the local area and the places and people the children know well. Children will observe the weather, begin to use maps and increase their awareness of the place they live. During key stage 2 children will continue to study the local environment but will use it as a basis for understanding other countries and cultures. They will explore the water cycle, pollution and global environmental changes, landforms and differences between countries caused by human factors.

The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to: collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through fieldwork; interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes and aerial photographs; and communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.